Applied Nuclear and Radiation Physics Career Opportunities

“All science is either physics or stamp collecting”- Ernest Rutherford, 1908 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry – “for his investigations into the disintegration of the elements, and the chemistry of radioactive substances.”


Nuclear physics studies the building blocks and interactions of atomic nuclei. Most commonly known applications of nuclear physics

  • Nuclear power
  • Nuclear weapons and technology
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (NMR/MRI)
  • Ion implantation in materials engineering
  • Radiocarbon dating
  • Geology
  • Archeology

Particle physics evolved out of, and is taught in close association with nuclear physics. Radiation Physics studies the effects of ionizing radiation (α, b, and γ-rays, n, X-rays) on matter, and of its measurement. The field has been instrumental in improved manufacturing processes, nuclear energy, and advanced medical diagnostic and treatment options.


Main Employment Sectors

  • Relevant Government Ministries (Many)
  • Kenya Bureau of Standards (SSRL)
  • Banks and the Financial Sector
  • Radiation Protection/ Health Physics
  • Medical Physics
  • Nuclear Medicine
  • Diagnostic Radiology and Imaging
  • Research  (wide ranging areas)/Teaching
  • Nuclear Electronics &Instrumentation
  • Nuclear & Radiological Engineering
  • Nuclear Power Industry (global renaissance)
  • Technology Innovation: Entrepreneurship


  1. Dr N. O. Hashim, Kenyatta University, Kenya
  2. Dr N. Mohammed, University of Dar es Saalam, Tanzania
  3. Mr. D. M. Maina, Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology
  4. Mr. M. J. Mangala, Institute of Nuclear Science & Technology
  5. Prof. N. Tole, Depatment of Diagnostic Imaging & Radiation Medicine
  6. Dr. D. W. Bulimo, Department of Biochemistry (and KEMRI)
  7. Dr Ian Darby, Nuclear Science Applications Section, IAEA,  Austria